The project expedites the transfer and diffusion of renewable energy technology from China to Ghana. The project helps strengthen the enabling environment for the transfer facilitate absorption of the technologuy by Ghana and enhance the delivery by China and use of priority renewable energy technologies in Ghana through South-South Cooperation using the trilateral modalities.
Low levels of business development capacity of key project implementers/managers and service providers. Limited business-oriented models and robust results-based planning, monitoring and evaluation indicators and targets for renewable energy projects to ensure their long-term impact and sustainability. Inadequate use and leverage of technical and research institutions. High expense and scarcity of spares for maintenance of machinery and equipment. Low level capacity in the adoption of technological improvements and upgrades. It is accepted that RE can play a crucial role in enhancing electricity access especially in rural and isolated communities if its development receives the necessary support from all stakeholders. Though access to electricity in Ghana (81.4%) is high in relation to the sub-Saharan African average (24%), there are still many rural communities that live under extreme socio-economic challenges due to factors that include lack of access to grid electricity. Further, most of these communities may be rural, isolated or scattered where the national grid is unlikely to reach them anytime soon. In addition, Ghana has frequently faced difficulties in generating sufficient electricity to meet the energy requirements needed for growth and economic development. This has resulted in frequent power outages and planned power rationing across the country in recent years, leading to reduced workforce productivity, high cost of doing business, and lack of power for essential activities in the home. Concessional financing not available to private developers. Limited public awareness of the biomass technology and its benefits.
UNDP and Energy Commission are implementing a project dubbed ‘China-Ghana South-South Cooperation on Renewable Energy Technology Transfer (RETT)’ to expedite the transfer and diffusion of RET from China to Ghana. The project is expected to help strengthen the enabling environment for the transfer and use of priority renewable energy technologies in Ghana. It is also anticipated to remove market barriers to the adoption of renewable energy technologies as well as invigorate the Chinese capacity for South – South Cooperation on renewable energy. It promotes the United Nations’ Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative. As part of its initiative to promote SSC on renewable energy technology transfer between China and Ghana, UNDP organized a series of exchange visits and B2B match-making events for private companies from the two countries. Prior to this, UNDP facilitated the engagement between the two Governments to understand the characteristics of the renewable energy sector in the two countries and identify potential investment opportunities and credible private companies that could tap into them. All this work was fundamental in establishing the “conditions of trust” for the two Chinese and two Ghanaian companies to engage and believe that such partnership could materialize, once it is facilitated by UNDP. They recognized the convening and neutral brokering role that UNDP has played in establishing a platform for technology transfer, as well as the strong partnership UNDP has with the Government. They also considered UNDP as a partner of choice that could promote an ecosystem approach to build capacities along the entire value chain and facilitate knowledge sharing with other countries in the sub-region. This experience demonstrates a new potential role for UNDP in promoting SSC in the private sector.
Provider Country: Government of Denmark is providing funds for the Project
Beneficiary Country: Ghana, China
Supported by: UNDP Ghana, Denmark
Implementing Agency: Energy Commission in Ghana, Ministry of Science and Technology, Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21 (ACCA21) in China
Project Status: On-going
Project Period: September, 2014 – December 2015