Summary: The project aims to strengthen the capacity of the security forces (police and gendarmerie) to better care for victims of GBV. Particular emphasis has been placed on improving reception and listening to victims. In addition, monitoring the victim's journey with a focus on the drafting of the report and the orientation of the victim to the appropriate structures of care.
Challenge: GBV constitutes a major obstacle to the full participation of victims in the political, economic, social, cultural (including religious) life of society. The socio-cultural causes of GBV are intimately linked to the economic conditions of life of the population, poverty, the environment, unemployment, illiteracy coupled with obscurantism and the erosion of societal family values for both victims and perpetrators.
In Senegal, the prevalence rate of gender-based violence in households is 55.3%. The major problem remains that professionals are not trained to welcome an audience suffering which has serious repercussions for survivors because of a non-adapted, prejudiced reception, not stimulating the release of speech. Indeed, 68% of GBV victims in Senegal do not resort to justice or denounce their perpetrators.
The project acts through several components:
- Component 1: Capacity building and knowledge of law enforcement officers: police and gendarmerie on the care of victims of GBV;
- Component 2: Awareness raising and the development of advocacy tools through various channels and voices;
- Component 3: Strengthening the work in the synergy between the police, the gendarmerie and the shops of rights and all the local actors involved in the fight against GBV;
- Component 4: Conducting a GBV survey at the national level;
- Component 5: Reflection on the provision of victims of an integrated care center.
- 30 officers from 3 bodies (police, gendarmerie, prison administration) were trained in the care of victims of GBV and the transmission of their knowledge to their peers. In addition, 55 student gendarmes were trained in the concept of gender and the care of victims.
- A guide to caring for GBV victims by security forces, based on the Korean experience, has been produced. It mobilized all partners in the care (civil society, system agencies, police, government).
- Several police stations (Rufisque, Grand Dakar, Guinaw Rails) have already initiated a transformation of their organization and have dedicated a play to the hearing of victims of GBV. National authorities are mobilized to fight against GBV and carry the program, in particular, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Women, Family and Gender and the AJS.
- The implementation of the program is participatory and seeks the support and involvement of national authorities and civil society at every stage. It is based on the Korean experience in caring for GBV victims. Thus, several webinars with Korea were organized and a study mission in Korea including capacity building sessions, the visit of the police academy, the national police, the integrated care center.
In order to mobilize more the actors concerned and to encourage the victims to go to the police stations, several communication actions were undertaken, notably: the production of posters, stickers, participation in a radio program, etc.
The program is sustainable and its mission is to be pursued by the authorities, UN agencies and key partners. For example, the reflection around the realization of the One Stop Center for the integrated care of the victims will be initiated by the program, but its effective implementation can only be done after an appropriation by the national authorities.
The role of the program is to engage the authorities in the cause they advocate so that concrete, formal and financial commitments can be made to continue to implement what has been undertaken by the program. In addition, the national GBV survey is a basic tool for the construction of the transformation projects that will take place in the coming years.
Country Provider: South Korea
Beneficiary Country: Senegal
Supported by: UNDP Seoul Policy Center, UNDP Senegal
Implementing Agency: UNDP
Project status: In progress
Duration and schedule of the project: 2018-2019
Seynabou Diaw Ba
Governance Team Leader
UNV, Governance Unit