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Decentralization for local development in Liberia

Wednesday, 20 June 2018 14:45 Written by 
  • Location(s): India, Liberia
  • Type(s): Solution
  • Theme(s): Decentralization
  • SDG(s): 11. Sustainable cities and communities, 16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
  • Locations in Africa: Liberia
  • Types in Africa: Solution
  • Themes in Africa: Decentralization
  • SDGs in Africa: 16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
  • Locations of ComSec Solutions: India
  • Types of ComSec Solutions: Solution
  • Themes of ComSec Solutions: Decentralization
  • SDGs of ComSec Solutions: 11. Sustainable cities and communities, 16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Summary

Liberia's centralized governance system has challenged popular participation and local development initiatives, especially in the provision of public goods and services. Aimed at "bringing government closer to the people" and ensuring greater participation in their own development process as well as an equitable distribution of the nation's resources, the Government has launched its National Policy on Decentralization and Local Governance in 2012. Building on best practices shared by the Indian Kerala Institute of local administration, county service centres are in charge of implementing the decentralization policy at the local level. in coordination with their respective line ministries.

Challenge

Liberia has recorded encouraging strides in human development since its transition to peace and democratic governance. Nevertheless, the centralized governance system has challenged popular participation and local development initiatives, especially in the provision of public goods and services. The recent 2014/2015 Ebola pandemic was only one very flagrant example of how the weakness of the health system was further underscored through the highly centralized system.

Solution

Achieving greater decentralization of power, authority, functions and responsibilities is a major pillar of the Government of Liberia's vast reform programme. Aimed at "bringing government closer to the people" and ensuring greater participation in their own development process as well as an equitable distribution of the nation's resources, the Government has launched its National Policy on Decentralization and Local Governance in 2012. The policy foresees a revision of administrative institutions and restructuring of local governance and public administration system. An important element of the framework for implementing this policy is the establishment of county services centres. County service centres are in charge of implementing the decentralization policy at the local level. in coordination with their respective line ministries. The service centres are based on valuable examples from the decentralization process in India. They were designed and rolled out following a study visit of the

Liberian Ministry of Internal Affairs in 2009 to India The delegation visited the Kerala Institute of local administration in India which has a long-standing history of decentralization programmes. Right after its independence, it launched a large number of development projects at the local level and expanded national services for rural development. Community participation and mobilisation is an important element of its development scheme.

Supported by: UNDP, Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Implemented by: Ministry of Internal Affairs

Contact detail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Read 3050 times Last modified on Saturday, 02 February 2019 13:55
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