Mapping South-South Cooperation Solutions in Africa

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Problem: Energy consumption depends directly on the conditions of ventilation, temperature and light in our homes. If the house is very warm, we will probably use air conditioning. And if it has few windows, we will rely more on artificial lighting. Currently, the buildings sector accounts for a significant 39 per cent of total energy-related CO2 emissions, according to The 2018 Global Status Report.

SolutionLa Casa Uruguaya (The Uruguayan House) is a sustainable and intelligent housing project inspired from bioclimatic architecture and equipped with technology that can increase energy efficiency and accelerate climate action.

Goals and Objectives: The solution aims to reduce energy consumption while offering a sustainable and accessible lifestyle.

Implementation: With this challenge in mind, a group of students, graduates and professors from the ORT University Uruguay created La Casa Uruguaya (The Uruguayan House), a sustainable and intelligent housing project inspired from bioclimatic architecture and equipped with technology that can reduce energy consumption while offering a sustainable and accessible lifestyle.

The living unit consists of a house inside a box, according to the ORT University Uruguay. The insulation prevents heat and cold from entering. It has two ceilings—one on top of the other—and, between the two, moving parts that can be remotely opened or closed in order to regulate indoor temperature. Windows are strategically located to improve lighting.

The house is self-supplied with solar energy, notifies inhabitants of energy misuses, has a water reuse system, and sensors that help to regulate temperature, humidity or lighting. The unit can be installed in only 15 days and costs between US$50,000 and US$90,000.

Achievements: La Casa Uruguaya won major prizes at the Solar Decathlon Latin America and the Caribbean in 2015, an international academic competition organized by the United States Department of Energy. In 2016, the project received a National Energy Efficiency Award in Uruguay. Currently, the team members market the project in their country and the region.

Contact information: 

Latu

Bologna s / n between Av. Italia and María Luisa Saldún

Montevideo, 11400

Uruguay

Phone: +598 2505 34 62

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Website: https://www.lacasauruguaya.comhttps://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/made-latin-america-four-innovations-sustainable-living-could-change-world

Problem: The carbon footprint of plastics production is very high due to the manufacturing process. The footprint of carbon determines how much impacts to global warming a certain product. So other technologies seriously affect the natural ecosystem and the planet's carbon cycle, causing a deterioration and increase of the average temperature of the planet.

Solution: Biofase has developed a unique technology for the manufacture of biodegradable products derived from the avocado pit, which is disposable and not edible.

Goals and Objectives: Along with other plastics made from food waste, Biofase’s biopastics could help meet the growing demand for plastics without hampering progress in the fight against hunger.

Implementation: Scott Munguía, a young Mexican chemical engineer, discovered in 2011 that the avocado seed contains a biopolymer similar to the one present in corn, which is used to produce bioplastic. In 2014, he founded Biofase, a company based in Monterrey that commercializes bioplastic products, made of 60 per cent avocado biopolymer and 40 per cent synthetic organic compounds.

The straws and cutlery made from avocado seeds decompose in only 240 days, and there is no need for incineration. This makes them a sustainable alternative for cities or countries that lack incineration facilities in their waste plants.

Unlike other types of bioplastics, this alternative does not use crops suitable for human consumption—such as corn or cassava. The carbon footprint is much less than other plastics and bioplastics, including paper. This is largely due to a phenomenon called bonus of biogenic carbon, which explains that the Avocado tree, when growing, absorbs CO2 of the atmosphere to form its tissues. This phenomenon does not occur in the production of any plastic derived of the oil.

Achievements: Reduces consumption up to 60% plastic derived from oil without need to be treated in a way special or to separate for recycling.

Biofase’s products have a great manufacturing potential. According to Munguía, 300,000 tonnes of avocado seeds are discarded annually in Mexico, an estimated 20 per cent of the global demand for bioplastics.

Prior to the creation of Biofase, all biopolymer products had to be imported from other countries into Mexico. Biofase, through its patented technology, became the only biopolymers producer company in Mexico. Now Biofase lead the production of biopolymer in Latin America, exporting bioplastic products to more than 19 countries.

Contact information:
Mexico
Scott Munguía, Biofase founder
Phone: +52 800 999 1183

Problem: Annually, 5 trillion plastic bags are used worldwide and 7 million plastic bags are consumed every minute.70% of them end up in the environment.  The one-piece polyethylene shopping bag takes up to 500 years to decompose.

Solution: Solubag is a biodegradable material for the creation of non-polluting that completely dissolve in water in 5 minutes without contamination.

Goals and Objectives: The solution aims to eliminate single-use plastic bags.

Implementation: Roberto Astete and Cristian Olivares, founders of Chilean start-up Solubag developed the solution in 2014.

Solubags uses limestone instead of oil by-products. It has zero environmental impact compared to other alternatives like oxo-biodegradable bags, which are still made of polyethylene and break into small pieces of toxic plastic.

The chemical formula of Solubags contains polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), a material found by Astete and Olivares while analysing biodegradable detergent capsules.

Solubag’s raw material can be extruded in any plastic extrusion machine, which allows it to be scaled very fast.

Achievements: The solution is recognized as the best innovation in Latin America, a prize awarded at the Summit Conference held in March 2018 in Chile.

The innovation is expected to be widely accepted in Chile, where a ban on plastic bags in large businesses came into force in February 2019. Solubag currently produces in China and is considering installing a factory in Tomé, Chile.

Contact information:
Chile
Phone: +56232486126
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tuesday, 29 October 2019 07:31

Problem: Marine pollution from human activities can be found at all points across the ocean's vast expanse, including at the surface. 

Solution: BluePhin is an autonomous robot that can collect floating waste in commercial water bodies, with zero carbon emissions. It is one of the world’s most technologically advanced waste management solutions.

Goals and objectives: The solution collects plastic, algae and other debris to tackle marine pollution in lakes, ponds, canals, marinas, ports and coastlines.

Implementation: The solution was developed by young inventors Irfan Vakkayil, Simran Chowdhry and Anand EP in 2018 and is currently implemented in the UAE. BluePhin Bluephin is powered by Artificial Intelligence.

Bluephin can either be steered by a handheld joystick or run in autonomous mode, either around a set course or within a set perimeter. It runs silently and safely on rechargeable batteries and includes collision avoidance software. It can hold up to a third of a ton of rubbish before it needs to be emptied and it poses no threat to marine life. It takes eight hours for waste management companies to collect one tonne of trash using two boats and labor. Bluephin does it in two hours.

The current vesion of the solution is working prototype and setting up multiple pilot programs both regionally and globally. Currently, the BluePhin team is working with Dubai Municipality and have an MOU with Bee’ah to convert into pilots.

Achievements: The solution offsets more than 10,000 tons in carbon emissions only during testing in comparison to the waste collection operation in water.

Budget: 20,000DHS

Contact details:
Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Simran chowdhry, Co-founder
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: Bluephin.io

Thursday, 17 October 2019 10:55

Problem: Almost 80% of Sudan is dry and agriculture depends basically on rainfall, a situation that creates challenges with regard to food security. Recurrent droughts often cause limited productivity in most areas particularly east Sudan where most of the population is threatened by hunger. In some areas the rainfall is within 120 – 150 mm/annum that does not support agriculture. Cultivated lands complete the season and produce a negligible amount of grains. The agricultural fields with crops that produced almost nothing are left for livestock as residues with the disappointment of poor farmers. The land is observed as in desert conditions as figure (1) indicates. The greenfield is the cultivated area which is always a failure.

Solution: In 2008 a group of field development experts in collaboration with the University of Khartoum Consultancy Corporation (UKCC) headed by engineer Adil Khidir planned a dam to be constructed across the watercourse that traverses the field area. The watercourse brings water during the rainy season from the eastern high lands every three weeks and the water disappears in three days.

Goals and Objectives: The objective of the dam is to hold the water for longer period and spreads on both sides of the watercourse.

Implementation: The project was developed in east Sudan, launched in 2009 and maintained to present.

The dam was built as a joint work involving the UKCC, an NGO and the community of farmers and village people. It was only 60 cm high with a one Km arm extending on both sides. The water spreading system spreads the water over 1600 hectares, increases the moisture level in the soil and provides for agricultural success.

The solution achieved food security represented in agriculture, range, livestock and forest products. The community of farmers is managing the project with the assistance of extortionists and community leaders.  People produce grains, milk, meat, forest crops and water.

The 1600 hectares were divided among 400 families (4 Ha each) who continued to cultivate the land from 2009 up to the present. Each family produced almost 12 sacks of grains/Ha i.e 40 – 50 sacks per the 4 hectares (see figure 2).

Figure 1. Agriculture fields under 120 – 150 mm/annum

Figure 2. Agriculture fields under crops after the dam construction

Figure 3. Water pools, forests, range and livestock

Achievements: The farmers have their problem of unsecured food being completely solved. Food is secured. The farmers created an artificial water pool at the terminal of the arms where the water collects for livestock watering. Forests and range developed.

The dam construction across the watercourse and its success in achieving food security and natural resources development encouraged the IGAD with its partner the GIZ to construct another dam across another watercourse in the area to secure food.

Partners: UKCC, Plan Sudan, local communities, IGAD, GIZ

Contact information:
UKCC (Eng. nAdil Khider), Plan Sudan, Coordinator Elnour Abdalla Elsiddig, GIZ
Sudan
Phone:+249 9 114 39339
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tuesday, 15 October 2019 10:17

Problem: Small-scale dairy farmers often living in remote areas don't have access to valuable information about latest prices of milk or cattle, and they may not keep accurate records of important details such as their cows' gestation periods or their livestock's lineage – often resulting in inbreeding and disease.

SolutioniCow is a text-based subscription information service to improve the productivity and earning power of Kenya's 1.6 million farmers and other small holder farmers across Africa in order become climate resilient and food secure.

Goals and Objectives: To harness the power of mobile phones to encourage best practice for dairy farmers and increase milk production.

Implementation:   iCow was conceptualised in October 2010 after the founder Su Kahumbu Stephanou an ardent organic farmer, was encouraged to enter the Apps4Africa tech hackathon sponsored by the US State Department. Su was at the time designing a product she had named Mkulima Farmer Information Service and Hotline (Mkulima F.I.S.H), a comprehensive agricultural extension service available to farmers over mobile phone. Building on her experience and interactions with smallholder farmers Su recognised that to be successful, farmers needed access to knowledge on good agricultural practices in both livestock and crop production. She thus set out to develop a service that would enable farmers access the vast amounts of content and verified agricultural knowledge available in the regions agricultural institutions, in a format that would be in line with smallholder production systems, simple, cost effective and real time.

Mkulima F.I.S.H was designed to including content on crops, livestock, soils, farmer health and the environment. Being competitive in nature, Su took on the challenge to enter the hackathon with a component of Mkulima F.I.S.H, the cow gestation calendar, and named her entry iCow.

The gestation calendar was designed to solve the problem of lack of monitoring a cow during its pregnancy. By monitoring each cow adequately farmers reduce the risk of illness and death at birthing as well as increase their chances of a healthy calf and optimally productive mother cow. iCow required farmers register individual cows onto the platform after which they begin to receive reminders on dairy cow best practices and actions needed to increase their productivity.

Achievements: In 2012 iCow won the Vision 2030 Award for Agriculture in Kenya and was a finalist in the same year for the Innovation Prize for Africa.

Cow 2.0 was designed to scale across Africa and released on October 18th 2015. The development supported by Accenture has positioned iCow as a one of a kind solution for smallholder farmers on the continent. 2016 saw a deployment of the platform in both Tanzania and Ethiopia.

Contact information:

Email:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: http://www.icow.co.ke

Tuesday, 15 October 2019 10:01

Problem: Charcoal is predominantly produced in an unsustainable (non-renewable) manner within natural forests of up to 400 km radius from Maputo. This has had serious consequences for deforestation – and carbon stock depletion in rural areas. It is estimated that charcoal consumption in Maputo leads to the annual depletion of 99 581 ha of forest per year. Charcoal production is also rudimentary and extremely wasteful, at times requiring up to 10kg of wood to produce 1 kg of charcoal. In some homes, cooking for three hours per day exposes women to similar risks as smoking two packets of cigarettes daily (WHO, 2002).

Solution: Refining locally sourced cassava into ethanol fuel to provide cleaner cooking fuel.

Goals and objectives: To have a clean and affordable cooking solution that contributes to the reduction of the health burden from Indoor-Air-Pollution and the unsustainable deforestation wrought by charcoal produced for cooking.

Implementation: CleanStar Mozambique, a partnership between CleanStar and Danish industrial enzymes producer Novozymes, opened the world's first sustainable cooking-fuel plant in Mozambique in 2012.

The company takes the surplus cassava, a starch-filled root and local food staple, sold by farmers and sends it to an ethanol fermentation plant. The ethanol produced is then sold in reusable plastic bottles to people in Maputo who own one of the 3,000 or so ethanol-burning clean cookstoves sold by CleanStar. When the fuel runs out, more can be purchased at an incipient network of CleanStar shops.

Achievements: CSM has successfully demonstrated that there is a market for a cleaner cooking fuel among low-income households in Mozambique’s capital, that it is possible to address this market profitably, and that it is possible to build and operate a branded value chain that guarantees and delivers high quality, clean and safe cooking solution.

With sales effectively starting end of 2012, CleanStar Mozambique has quickly surpassed milestones of 25,000 stove units, and 500,000 liters of clean cooking fuel sold. The gross consumption of 25,000 stoves on a yearly basis is projected to offset the deforestation of 14,000 Ha of forest and displace 169,000 tonnes of carbon. As our customer base expands to 120,000 households (projected for 2015), the offset will increase proportionally with annual offset of over 65,000 Ha of forest and 800,000 tonnes of carbon.

Contact information:

Mozambique, Avenida da Namacha, Nº 87 EN4, Matola
Mr.Emmett Costel
Phone: (25884) 313-7624
Email:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: http://www.cleanstarmozambique.com, https://www.cleancookingalliance.org/partners/item/21/891

 

 

Friday, 11 October 2019 10:06

Problem: The economic implications of poverty and fuel prices come with social, environmental and health concerns too. According to the World Health Organisation, more than 3 billion people worldwide get their energy from solid fuels, including coal and biomass (wood, dung, agricultural residues). Burning solid fuels on open fires or traditional stoves leads to dangerous indoor air pollution – this kind of smoke contains about 20 times more pollutants than accepted guideline values.

Solution: The Keekonyoike Slaughterhouse biogas project uses the most abundant available natural resource to generate energy for those at the bottom of the economic pyramid.

Goals and Objectives: The solution aims to recycle blood and animal waste into cheap energy, to be sold as safe packaged biogas to low-income households that can’t afford electricity or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).

Implementation: Keekonyokie has always been a local solution. It was founded in 1981 by a group of Maasai pastoralists in Kiserian on the outskirts of Nairobi. There was no funding or external support. It was an informal, community-owned and managed livestock production slaughterhouse that served the community financially and socially. In 1992 Keekonyokie was registered as a company and in 2005, when new regulations barred the discharge of slaughterhouse waste into rivers, they started work on a biogas plant with proof of concept support from Kenya’s Climate Innovation Center (CIC) and GiZ.

In 2011, the company presented a prototype on the packaging of biogas, which it intends to sell to local residents in addition to the already existing the sale of biogas to larger local institutions and its use as an energy source of the slaughterhouse. As FAO evaluated: “Unlike in the classic PES scheme where the initiative comes mostly from a mediating institution that brings potential buyers and sellers together to negotiate a voluntary contract, ensures compliance and funds the initial stage of the project, the initiative this case came from the local people themselves and it was not linked to a particular payment but to the need to comply with environmental regulation.”

All the liquid slaughterhouse waste goes into a processing plant where the biogas is produced and taken to be packaged. Initially the fuel has been stored in used tyres to reduce environmental impact further.

Currently, the energy produced is used internally. But a totally new and unique commercially packaged biogas product has been developed too. The innovation is a 6kg biogas packaging cylinder developed through work with the government agency Kenya Institute of Research and Development (KIRDI). Safety standards and tests required by government are all in place and Keekonyokie is now ready to roll out its plan of packaging 100 cylinders a day, to be sold in and around town and then in surrounding areas.

Achievements: In addition to being a profitable enterprise, Keekonyokie delivers both social and environmental gains. It employs about 172 people directly and 200 more indirectly.

The plant is currently operating at 20% efficiency, with 80% of total potential still unexploited. So, ultimately, it could reach 250 000 consumers, although the aim for now is to supply 20 000 households in five years. The 6kg biogas cylinder will also sell for half the price of a similar amount of LPG. So it will slash consumers’ spend on charcoal and firewood by 50% and save on the time taken to collect these fuels.

Partners:  GIZ, Kenya’s Climate Innovation Center (CIC), Kenya Institute of Research and Development (KIRDI)

Contact information:

Keekonyokie Butchers Limited

Address:
Slaughterhouse Kiserian
PO BOX 1/206 – Kiserian
Kenya
City: Kiserian

Phone number: +254724536721

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Website: http://insideoutpaper.org/solving-local-problems-with-local-solutions-1/http://www.fao.org/3/a-bl937e.pdf

Monday, 03 June 2019 09:52

Problem: Feminine hygiene product generate extraordinary amounts of waste. Close to 20 billion sanitary napkins, tampons and applicators are dumped into North American landfills every year. In India, more than half of India’s women and girls use disposable napkins, translating to 44.9 billion pads per year thrown away. In Pacific island countries, where waste often escapes to the ocean, this is a clear and present problem. Wrapped in a plastic bag, a feminine hygiene product can take centuries to biodegrade.

The carbon footprint from making disposable female hygiene products is also enormous: 15 million tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions per year – which is like burning 35 million barrels of oil.

Solution: To make a dent in the plastic tide by turning disposable feminine hygiene products into reusable.

Goals and Objectives: By producing and selling reusable sanitary pads that are durable and made of natural fibers, women and girls have an affordable and environmentally friendly alternative to single use, disposable sanitary pads made of toxic plastic materials.

Implementation:  Frances Angelica Salele and her business partner Isabell Rasch, who both work at the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (S.P.R.E.P.), are first to market in Samoa – and the entire Pacific – with their startup MANA Care Products founded in 2018, affordable, sustainable and reusable cotton female hygiene products. The business offers women and girls an affordable and environmentally friendly alternative to single-use, disposable sanitary pads made of toxic plastic materials. They plan to also provide employment to a team of women seamstresses who will manufacture the product.

Achievements: Angelica Salele, one of 12 winners of the UN Environment Asia-Pacific Low-Carbon Lifestyles Challenge.

For more information, read here: https://www.unenvironment.org/es/node/21821

Contact details:

Message: https://www.facebook.com/manacareproducts/

 

 

Sunday, 02 June 2019 05:14

Problem: Sri Lanka has over 1 million three-wheelers, the harmful emissions given out by these vehicles contribute drastically to air pollution and global warming.

Solution: An electric conversion kit that would enable the tuk-tuks (three-wheeler auto rickshaws) to run on electric power. 

Goals and Objectives: The solution aims to decarbonize the transport sector, by converting auto rickshaws to an electric powertrain, and enable them to operate just like any other electric vehicle with zero tailpipe emissions.

Implementation:  Taking up the challenge, 33 year old Sri Lankan engineer and lecturer at the University of Moratuwa, Sasiranga De Silva, has an innovative solution to the problem of the harmful emissions by auto rickshaws. Aiming to make, Sri Lanka’s favourite mode of local transportation safer for the environment and its citizens, he created the electric conversion kit for auto rickshaws to run on electric power. The kit itself is based around a rechargeable lithium-ion battery that can cover 110 km on a single charge. This reduces harmful emissions and works on lowered energy consumption. Another incredible benefit of this sustainable solution is that it’s a money-saving option.

A key challenge for De Silva has been making sure that his conversion kit is affordable for tuk tuk drivers, who generally pay around 700,000 Sri Lankan rupees (around US$4,000) to buy their vehicle. Given that De Silva has estimated that the converter kit could save drivers around US$1,000 a year, he found most tuk tuk owners felt US$2,000 would be affordable.

His battery pack will allow drivers to cover around 110 km per day. There are already some electric vehicle charging points at supermarkets in Colombo but he will also provide chargers, which can be used in a regular socket, allowing the drivers to recharge their vehicles overnight when electricity tariffs are lower.

Achievements: Sasiranga De Silva is one of 12 winners of the UN Environment Asia-Pacific Low-Carbon Lifestyles Challenge in 2019.

Contact details:

Mr. Sasiranga De Silva
https://www.linkedin.com/in/sasiranga-de-silva-1a346477/?originalSubdomain=lk

Website: https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/taming-sputtering-tuk-tuk-sri-lankan-innovator-develops-affordable-electric

Monday, 29 April 2019 00:54

Summary: Through this initiative, UNDP aims to support the Union of Comoros' energy transition and greenhouse gas emission reduction objectives in compliance with the commitments made in 2015 at COP21, within the framework of Nationally Determined Planned Contributions (INDCs), and before that, in the Itsandra Manifesto, signed in 2011 by the Government of Comoros and the United Nations System.

Challenge: The energy sector is experiencing cyclical and, above all, structural problems related to the size of the small islands that make up the country. Insularity poses major scale structural constraints for the production of electrical energy, the market is not attractive for investors.

The national energy bill is difficult to assume by the national economy. The cost price of thermal electricity produced with hydrocarbons is very high, of the order of US $ 0.8 per Kwh.

High dependence on biomass, at 66%, particularly with regard to household consumption and Ylang distilleries and hydrocarbons at 34%, has negative consequences such as deforestation.

The many attempts made over the last 20 years to overcome the problem have all failed. They have all been solutions based on diesel generators. But this choice is one of the very factors of the problem.

Solution: Following the United Nations Annual General Assembly in 2014, the Comorian authorities signed an agreement in principle with New Zealand and UNDP on the development of geothermal energy exploitation of the Karthala volcano, which culminates at 2361 meters above sea level. UNDP Comores thus ensures the follow-up of this program and its administrative as well as technical coordination with the national institutions in charge and the partners of the program.

The technical collaboration between UNDP, New Zealand and the Government of the Comoros has mobilized the necessary expertise and funding of more than $ 20 million to carry out all the studies needed to carry out the first phase of the program, and begin the second phase of exploratory drilling.

Phase II of the program is intended to confirm the resources and sites of the plant's production and plant drill holes.

The final phase will include production drilling, plant construction and interconnection to the electricity distribution network.

Co-financing from the African Union's Geothermal Risk Mitigation Facility (GRMF), combined with those from New Zealand and UNDP, led to the first phase of the program, which consisted of conducting surface studies. and exploratory. For example, joint teams of New Zealand and Comorian experts from the Geological Survey of Comoros (BGC) conducted all technical field studies. The results made it possible to define the points where exploratory drilling can be conducted, in order to determine the real production potential, as well as the investments required during the construction phase of the geothermal power plant. A first exploration mission, conducted by the New Zealand technical partner (Jacobs) and the BGC, allowed for geological and geochemical exploration. The initial findings and report of this mission indicated the presence of resources, but their precise location and depth remained to be determined and were the main objectives of the geophysical explorations that followed in July 2015.

The geophysical exploration campaign for the development of Karthala geothermal energy conducted at its summit by mixed BGC teams, and Jacobs associating GNS Science (Te Pū Ao), lasted a month. The goal of this campaign has been fully achieved. The 80 MV (magnetotelluric) sounding points were recorded as well as the 250 gravimetric measuring points, despite the hostile environment related to the difficulties of access to the measuring points, the very unfavorable climate during this period, as well as the heaviness of the supply logistics of the field teams in particular.

This surface exploration phase was used to develop the drilling plans. The treatments and the 3D modeling, realized by Jacobs associated with GNS Science (Te Pū Ao) and CGG (formerly Compagnie Générale de Géophysique-Veritas), gave the model of the structure of the subsoil with a diagram of spatial extent of the reservoir, its depth and associated structures.

The geothermal studies carried out reveal:

- the existence of a geothermal reservoir around the Karthala volcano at a depth between 1700 and 1900 m, and a heat source for geothermal energy at a depth of more than 5000 meters;

- the availability of a geothermal system around the Karthala volcano with potentially exploitable temperatures of the order of 250 to 300 ° C, as evidenced by the geothermometry of gases;

- the potential to produce between 40 and 45 Mw of electricity from the Karthala;

The environmental and social impact assessment is therefore underway to ensure that ecosystems and the environment, in general, are preserved.

With the support of UNDP and New Zealand, the Government is implementing a resource mobilization strategy, which has allowed for the gradual integration of the African Union's Geothermal Risk Mitigation Facility (GRMF / AU) into the Fund. Global Environment (GEF) in the program.

Country Provider: UNDP, New Zealand

Beneficiary Country: Union of Comoros

Supported by: GEF and African Union through the GRMF

Implementing Agency: Comoros Geological Survey (BGC)

Project status: In progress

Duration and schedule of the project: 2014-2023

Contact:
Karim Ali Ahmed
Environment - Energy - Sustainable Development Program Analyst
UNDP Comoros
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Monday, 29 April 2019 00:36

Summary: The project aims to strengthen the capacity of the security forces (police and gendarmerie) to better care for victims of GBV. Particular emphasis has been placed on improving reception and listening to victims. In addition, monitoring the victim's journey with a focus on the drafting of the report and the orientation of the victim to the appropriate structures of care.

Challenge: GBV constitutes a major obstacle to the full participation of victims in the political, economic, social, cultural (including religious) life of society. The socio-cultural causes of GBV are intimately linked to the economic conditions of life of the population, poverty, the environment, unemployment, illiteracy coupled with obscurantism and the erosion of societal family values ​​for both victims and perpetrators.

In Senegal, the prevalence rate of gender-based violence in households is 55.3%. The major problem remains that professionals are not trained to welcome an audience suffering which has serious repercussions for survivors because of a non-adapted, prejudiced reception, not stimulating the release of speech. Indeed, 68% of GBV victims in Senegal do not resort to justice or denounce their perpetrators.

Solution:

The project acts through several components:

  • Component 1: Capacity building and knowledge of law enforcement officers: police and gendarmerie on the care of victims of GBV;
  • Component 2: Awareness raising and the development of advocacy tools through various channels and voices;
  • Component 3: Strengthening the work in the synergy between the police, the gendarmerie and the shops of rights and all the local actors involved in the fight against GBV;
  • Component 4: Conducting a GBV survey at the national level;
  • Component 5: Reflection on the provision of victims of an integrated care center.

Nowadays,

  • 30 officers from 3 bodies (police, gendarmerie, prison administration) were trained in the care of victims of GBV and the transmission of their knowledge to their peers. In addition, 55 student gendarmes were trained in the concept of gender and the care of victims.
  • A guide to caring for GBV victims by security forces, based on the Korean experience, has been produced. It mobilized all partners in the care (civil society, system agencies, police, government).
  • Several police stations (Rufisque, Grand Dakar, Guinaw Rails) have already initiated a transformation of their organization and have dedicated a play to the hearing of victims of GBV. National authorities are mobilized to fight against GBV and carry the program, in particular, the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Women, Family and Gender and the AJS.
  • The implementation of the program is participatory and seeks the support and involvement of national authorities and civil society at every stage. It is based on the Korean experience in caring for GBV victims. Thus, several webinars with Korea were organized and a study mission in Korea including capacity building sessions, the visit of the police academy, the national police, the integrated care center.

In order to mobilize more the actors concerned and to encourage the victims to go to the police stations, several communication actions were undertaken, notably: the production of posters, stickers, participation in a radio program, etc.

The program is sustainable and its mission is to be pursued by the authorities, UN agencies and key partners. For example, the reflection around the realization of the One Stop Center for the integrated care of the victims will be initiated by the program, but its effective implementation can only be done after an appropriation by the national authorities.

The role of the program is to engage the authorities in the cause they advocate so that concrete, formal and financial commitments can be made to continue to implement what has been undertaken by the program. In addition, the national GBV survey is a basic tool for the construction of the transformation projects that will take place in the coming years.

Country Provider: South Korea

Beneficiary Country: Senegal

Supported by: UNDP Seoul Policy Center, UNDP Senegal

Implementing Agency: UNDP

Project status: In progress

Duration and schedule of the project: 2018-2019

Contact:

Seynabou Diaw Ba
Governance Team Leader
UNDP Senegal
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Lea Desgranges
UNV, Governance Unit
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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