Problem: The Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis has been decimating 300 fruit species in India and in 65 other countries in Asia, Africa and is considered to be the most destructive, invasive and widespread of all fruit flies.
Solution: Israeli innovative pest management company Biofeed Ltd. is the only company with an effective solution to the most damaging fruit fly species. It’s FreeDome solution acts as the Fruit fly ‘Iron Dome’ and protects the fruit from infestation by attracting the pest away from the fruit, using specific lures, into a mass attract-feed-control station.
Biofeed’s solution is ‘green’ no-spray, environmentally friendly solution against the Oriental fruit fly, and additional fruit fly species.
Goals and Objectives: The solution aims to provide a season-long continuous and effective pest control, reduce infestation by 95% compared with current control strategies, and reduce spraying almost completely.
Implementation: The solution is developed by Biofeed, an ag-tech company in Israel which is a global leader in fruit fly control. The unique and innovative solution is developed with support of Grand Challenges Israel grant from the Israel Innovation Authority and the Foreign Ministry’s international development agency, MASHAV.
The solution is based on Biofeed's patented Gravity Controlled Fluid Release (GCFR) technology that takes advantage of gravity, contrary to the common evaporation principle of most familiar attraction devices, and is thus very stable and highly effective.
Biofeed’s devices, hung on trees, contain an organic customized mix of food, feeding stimulants and control delivered by a fluid release platform. Attracted by the odor, the fly takes a sip and soon dies – without any chemicals reaching the fruit, air, soil, farmer or non-target insects.
The launch of Biofeed’s first-in-class attractant for female Oriental fruit flies, has resulted from 15 years of development of the core platform and more than three years of development and testing in Israel and India.
The Biofeed platform is effective with as few as 10 units per hectare and for a period of a full seasons, before the dispenser needs replacing.
Achievements: Mango farmers on 3 Indian states (Tamil-Nadu, Andra-Pradesh, Karnataka) and 3 African countries (Togo, Senegal, Ethiopia) saw an overall decrease of fruit-fly infestation from 95% percent to less than 5%. Mango fruit was exported from Senegal to EU with zero spraying and zero infestation.
Address: Biofeed, Kfar Truman, Israel
Contact person: Dotan Peleg
Problem: Agriculture pest identification and monitoring.
Solution: Is an integrated pest management (IPM) tool, the traps are effective in monitoring and mass trapping when used in the recommended quantity. Also being an Informative & educative tool to researchers, the traps are an eco-friendly alternative that help in organic cultivation. The bright yellow traps are the most effective and cheaper solution for whiteflies, aphids, leaf miners, thrips, jassids, leaf hoppers, tea mosquito, moth and beetles.
Goal: To support farmers in Identifying & monitoring their crop pests.
Objectives: To Identify, determine when insects first emergence, their relative numbers, where they are coming from, their population density. The above data helps farmer to use proper control measures.
Implementation: These products are very easy to use and we recommend to use at the rate of 10 sheets per acre (50 sheets per hectare) and the size of the sheet should not be less than 20cm x 29cm. A single trap is effective for 735 sq. ft area; traps in an average of 7333 insects within 5 days to 15 days of exposure.
Achievements/Impact: Farmers effectively are using in their farm fields of more than 50 crops of varieties like paddy, wheat, corn, barley, sorghum ,millets, pigeon pea, cowpea, Bengal gram, green gram, soya beans, groundnut, sunflower, mustard, sesame, almond, caster, cotton, tea, coffee, cardamom, black pepper, tobacco, garlic, mango, banana, grape, apple, pineapple, pomegranate, watermelon, guava, cashew, chilli, capsicum, tomato, brinjal, onion, pumpkin, cucumber and okra. Almost used by 500 thousand farmers serving 800 thousand acres.
Impact for farmers by avoiding up to 4 times of pesticides sprays, time savings from sprayings, money savings from avoiding pesticides sprays, farmers health is benefited with reduced risk of pesticidal exposure.
Impact on produce is residue free, pest free and export qualified.
Impact on Environment is an eco-friendly product, safe to non-target organisms and Recyclable.
Partners: APEDA, ADITI, ECOSERT, UPASI, TRA.
Budget: Rs.450/- per acre.
Address: #68A, 6th Main, 3rd Phase, Peenya, Bangalore - 560 058
Contact person: Dr. S Kannan (Head R&D)
Problem: The housing shortage situation has forced India to increase the bricks and cement production. The procedure of conventional brick production involves topsoil removal from fertile land at the end of every agricultural season. The consequences of the activities are releasing a large amount of GHG emissions, degrading the soil, and also threatening the farmers from losing their fertile land.
Solution: These challenging issues are being addressed by a new approach for brick production, which uses fly ash, a by-product from thermal power plants, instead of topsoil from a fertile productive land.
Goals and Objectives: The solution aims at creating a low carbon economy that can contribute in alleviating poverty by increasing job availability and reducing environmental impacts at the same time.
Implementation: The inspiring green business initiative was spearheaded by Development Alternatives (DA), a research based Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) in 2014. Fly ash brick offers a simple low-tech solution to make more sustainable and eco-friendly bricks. The technology has been developed by TARA, a social enterprise that is part of a wider NGO group – Development Alternatives. Compared to standard brick production, fly ash bricks provide several advantages, as:
This simple and low-tech technology introduced by TARA is basically a press machine to produce fly ash bricks. Generally, the machine consists of a raw material mixing chamber, mixture conveyor, moulds for the brick, a hydraulic system, and an electronic control panel. The operation of the fly ash brick machine is simple. The first step is to mix all of the materials, consisting of sixty-two per cent of fly ash, twenty-five per cent of quarry dust, eight per cent of hydrated lime, and five per cent of gypsum. All materials are mixed together with water to achieve the desired mixture consistency. After mixing, the conveyor transports the mixture into the moulds to have it pressed by the machine and make it compact. The last step in the process is to let them dry under the sun and water-cure for seven to fourteen days.
With this machine, the workers could produce the bricks faster and easier. One machine can produce up to 1450 fly ash bricks per hour depending on the type of machine. In addition to environmental benefits, various social benefits are also associated with the commissioning of new fly ash units, as the establishment of new units creates new employment opportunities especially for women.
The use of fly ash brick offers an opportunity for a productive use of waste, while preventing emissions and creating jobs for the local community. DA has been working in several states of the country towards the development of fly-ash brick industry, including Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Delhi, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Haryana. According to DA’s recent report, the state of Bihar produces approximately eighteen billion traditional bricks per year using approximately six thousand kilns produced from Fixed Chimney Kilns (FCKs), which are resource- and energy-intensive, as the predominant technology in the state.
Dr. Soumen Maity, Technology and Action for Rural Advancement
Phone: +91 11 26544122
Website: www.tara.in, www.devalt.org
Problem: The effect of deforestation is obvious everywhere in Uganda and African at large.
What once was the forested “Pearl of Africa” is quickly becoming as denuded of forests as Ethiopia and Kenya and the rest of East Africa, where harvesting of firewood for making charcoal is illegal.
Charcoal is their main source of fuel of the quickly growing urban population of Uganda. An estimated at 0.85 million tons of charcoal is consumes annually in urban Uganda, each household taking a share of one ton annually. In aggregate, this is the same charcoal consumption of the whole of Europe.
This is simply unsustainable, and the problem is only getting worse.
Solution: Green Charcoal is a technique that uses discarded palm kernels to extract the true value of an otherwise wasted resource such as palm kernels, rice husks, coffee husks, and maize cobs.
Goals and Objectives: The solution aims to solve the problem of fuel scarcity for Uganda, where 90% of energy comes from biomass and only 1% from electricity, by replacing both wood charcoal and firewood with charcoal briquette and non-carbonized briquette respectively.
Implementation: The solution is developed by Green Charcoal, a briquette manufacturing company in Uganda.
The principal product comes from milling the husks themselves where it creates a more efficient and heat-radiating briquette. It also sources other abundant, otherwise discarded agricultural waste such as coffee husks, maize (corn) cob and rice husks to make a briquette.
The carbonized briquette is dried using environmentally sustainable solar driers and packed in affordable 25kg packs.
Since briquettes are created from compressing combustible materials, they are denser, harder, and more compact. They have high specific density (1200kg/m3) and bulk density (800kg/m3) compared to 60 to 180 kg/m3 of loose biomass. Thus, they offer a more concentrated form of energy than firewood or charcoal.
The remaining nuts are milled to get cold pressed vegetable fats and palm kernel cake. It solves many problems with its circular economy approach to business, but its main focus is on solving the problem of fuel scarcity for local populations.
Achievements: In order to make one tonne of charcoal, 88 medium sized trees have to be cut down.
In the last three years, we have sold over 800 tonnes of briquette saving over 70,000 trees from being cut down to provide charcoal and firewood.
Address: P. O. Box 708, Tororo, Uganda.
Contact person: Geoffrey Okoth Yoga.
Phone: +256 776824072 / +256 752933309
Problem: Experts in Egypt warn of water scarcity as a result of Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the River Nile. On the other hand, Egypt is facing water shortage due to climatic changes and increasing population.
Solution: The Machine of Soil and Water Management for Rice Crop Cultivation (SWMR), a solution in the form of a machine that ploughs fields in a manner that saves about half the amount of water usually used for irrigation, and a quarter of fertilizers used in cultivation.
Goals and Objectives: SWMR aims to save water for irrigation and fertilizers used in rice cultivation.
Implementation: SWMR is designed by Mohamed ElSayedElHagarey, a researcher at the Desert Research Center in Cairo (Egypt). A specially imported unit, which sows rice seedlings mechanically, is mounted on the machine. The machine’s Egyptian inventor was granted the prestigious WatSave Award for Young Professionals from the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) during the Second World Irrigation Forum in Thailand. The innovative types of SWMR machines are beingrecorded under patent No. (28832).
The basic cylinder is the heart of the machine with many circular projections around. The projections carved cross section of trenches in the soil.
The machine makes ‛V’ shaped lines into the soil, at a depth and width of 20cm, and sows rice seedlings automatically. This operation maintains the water level necessary for rice to grow in the V-shaped troughs, which is less than the water used in conventional agriculture that requires the entire plot of land to be completely submerged.
The machine costs about US$5000, but needs further development to make it ready for commercial production.
Achievements: The machine was tested in a field in Kafr el-Sheikh governorate, which is known for rice crop cultivation in Egypt, with good results. It reduced the amount of water used by half, and the crop yield increased by 4.6 per cent.
Address:1MthafAlMatria St. AlMatria, Cairo, Egypt
Contact person: Mr. Mohamed ElSayedElHagarey
Problem: Marine breeding centers breed baby fish — fingerlings — in seawater pools and, like seeds, sell them to farmers who raise them and sell them in turn to their clients (fish markets). The marine breeding centers commonly pump water from the sea, use it for fish breeding purposes and then return the water back into the surf. This pumping happens on average five times a day, with a 500 percent daily water exchange rate.
Solution:Now, an Israeli company is trying to revamp that growing process.Latimeria’s Aquaculture System uses unique Recirculating system combined withartificial seawater to upend fish breeding.
Goals and Objectives:The solution is aiming to change all of this by avoiding the use of seawater, it recirculates the water between the fish tank and a set of mechanical and biological filters to keep it clean.
Implementation:Latimeria, an Israeli startup, desalinates drinking or agricultural water — using off-the-shelf desalinating technology — and then adds regular marine salt to re-salinate the liquid, to create cheaper, healthier, environmentally safer way to raise fingerlings. This water is then placed in special polypropylene tanks called “water rings,” in which the fingerlings are bred and raised.
The new system enables breeders to grow their fingerlings in salt water at any location, away from the sea, and helps better control the growth environment by minimizing the risk of introducing pathogens and the total consumption of energy and water. The water rings are modular and independent from central systems, so they allow the easy scaling up of operations.
Achievements: Latimeria's breeding center uses twice as less energy compared to a traditional breeding center. The working procedures are very much like the other breeding centers, yet maintaining a very high biosecurity level. Breeders using the system would need to produce just around 3 million fingerlings a year compared to somewhere around 6 million at a regular marine breeding center.
Address: Kibbutz Ein Shemer, Israel
Phone: (+972) 54-4675097
Fax: (+972) 72-2449212
Problem: The excessive waste created from Plastic bags is hazardous, since they take from 500-1000 years to biodegrade. Even though there are alternative solutions, but plastic bags are the hardest to recycle, plus the core of the problem comes from the consumer who needs to be aware of the harmful effects.
Solution: To produce fashionable bags and other accessory products from upcycled plastic bags and sustainably sourced materials.
Implementation: In 2013, the idea started as a final semester university project for Rania Rafie and Yara Yassien, the solution’s founders. Initially, they used to do the upcycling process themselves and arrange with workshops to sew the bags and finalize them. Afterword’s, they partnered with “Roh El Shabab”, which is a community development NGO, training youth women from the Zabaleen community (garbage collectors) in the upcycling process. In 2015, the founder established the Up-Fuse a social enterprise.
Each Up-Fuse tote bag is made using 30 plastic bags. Up-Fuse also creates wallets, laptop cases and camera straps using the trash.
The solution provides income to 5 underprivileged families and encouraging local artisans and designers to work with eco-friendly materials. All materials used is either environmentally friendly, organically made, or locally produced. Up-fuse is also keen to spread awareness through its products about plastic bags overconsumption, providing consumers with alternative solutions of eco-friendly products.
Achievements: Up until now, the solution has recycled 50000 plastic bags. In 2017, won the WeMena Competition. It is a business competition that is designed to engage female entrepreneurs in the MENA region and encourage their participation in the entrepreneurial ecosystem.
Partners: “Roh El Shabab” a community development NGO in Manshyet Naser.
South-South Development Academy
6th Ibn Maysser st., off Mahmoud Azmy st., Zamalek
Tel: (02) 2737 5086/7/8/9
Fax: (02) 27375084
In rural areas in Egypt, there has been a marked shift from the use of agriculture residues and dung cakes for cooking, baking and water heating to the use of kerosene and LPG cylinders (butane gas). About 55% of households use LPG cylinder; about 69% use kerosene and about 17% use agricultural residues.
The recent surveys carried out in 1700 households in rural areas of Assuit Governorate and 1500 households in Fayoum have indicated that in average 2-3 LPG cylinders and 20-25 liters of kerosene is used per month for cooking and water heating in each household. The amount of agricultural residues used is about 50 bundles (about 150 kg) per household each month for cooking and baking.
Solution: Densification (briquetting) is one of the means of combating the environmental problems related to the uncontrolled burning of crop residues. Densification is a physical process whereby materials such as biomass are compacted under high pressure into a uniform shape (i.e. briquettes or pellets). The density of the material increases enormously; from bulk densities of 100-200 kg per m3 to massive densities of around 1.2 kg/l. Densification introduces large benefits for logistics (transport and storage), use of the biomass (e.g. in hearths or fixed bed gasifiers), and hygienisation (seeds and insects are killed in the process). Due to the somewhat lower moisture content in comparison to the raw material, the calorific value may be somewhat higher (16-17 MJ/kg). The main drawback is the energy use of the process (around 100 kWhe/tonne).
Hence, the use of anaerobic digestion, which is the process of microbiological decomposition of (wet) biomass into methane and carbon dioxide (biogas). It takes place in strict absence of oxygen and usually requires a (very) watery environment. Although anaerobic digestion can be used for a range of applications (e.g. wastewater treatment, processing of municipal organic wastes), the most relevant for rural areas is digestion of animal dung. Such digester systems are available for use in households (upward from several heads of livestock), but also for larger communities (dozens of heads of livestock) and farms (hundreds to thousands of heads). The digested effluent is a very suitable (and valuable) fertilizer for agriculture. The gas produced can either be used directly for cooking or water heating or, in larger plants, for electricity generation.
The briquettes can be stored and distributed as a household fuel. Based on order-of magnitude estimates of investments and operational costs, the production costs per tons of briquettes are estimated at 140-160 LE/t.
Goals and objectives: In 2012, the Bioenergy for Sustainable Rural Development Project has been established through the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency – EEAA/ Ministry of Environment, in coordination with the Ministry of Petroleum, the Ministry of Electricity and Energy, the Ministry of International Cooperation and the Ministry of Local Development, with the objective of i) promoting sustainable rural development in Egypt and environmentally sound management of agricultural and solid waste, ii) removing technical, institutional, media, financial and other market barriers of increasing the use of biomass energy, iii) reducing the negative environmental impacts associated with the use of fossil and waste.
Implementation: The project received partial funding from the GEF, in cooperation with the United Nations Development Program and the Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs.
The project supports poor villages at the two levels; individual - for each family and community level - through cooperation with NGOs. Geographically, the project has focused on the villages of Al-Mazaty in Fayoum Governorate and Awlad Elias in Assiut Governorate. As Assuit and Fayoum have the lowest human development index in Egypt and the highest unemployment.
In the first phase, the project built 100 units in Assuit and Fayoum. All units of the 1st stage are fully financed by the project to disseminate the idea and make real and concrete project/ units for the eyes of the farmers to believe and see benefits. They are distributed widely in the two selected villages in the targeted governorates. They fully attracted the beneficiaries and their neighbors as potential beneficiaries. During the installation of the units, a group of engineers and masons are trained in the field are capable to provide the same service to find one of the main factors of the market, namely, the service providers.
In the second phase, the project built 1300 units in all Egyptian governorates. The units are partially financed by the beneficiaries themselves as a second step towards the maturity of market. The beneficiaries are requested to provide his animal waste as well as digging a pit and providing a list of material; bricks, sand and two helpers in unskilled workers. During this phase more than 20 start-up companies were registered after training their engineers and masons to be real entrepreneurs capable to provide the service professionally and meet the market requirements.
Partners: The Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Egyptian Government, UNDP, the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, in coordination with the Ministry of Petroleum, the Ministry of Electricity and Energy, the Ministry of International Cooperation and the Ministry of Local Development.
Mailing Address: South-South Development Academy: 6th Ibn Maysser st., off Mahmoud Azmy st., Zamalek
Tel: +20 2737 5086/7/8/9
Fax: +20 27375084 ext. 127
Solution: Community Eco-paper product is an environmentally friendly technology of making paper using plants refuses by rural communities in Egypt.
Goals and objectives: In Egypt, economically disadvantaged urban and rural dwellers suffer from a severe lack of employment opportunities both in urban and rural areas. While the negative impacts of unemployment weigh heavy on Egyptian society, the country also faces significant environmental problems, some of which are attributable to the disposal of plant waste. Farmers, unable to rid themselves of plant refuse such as rice straw, banana stalks and river flowers, resort to burning these goods, which contributes to the overwhelming problem of pollution. Overall, there has been little effort to reform this practice because village communities lack environmental awareness and knowledge of alternative uses for agricultural refuse. Therefore, the projects of developing papermaking centers are to address, in a creative and integrated way, the issue of unemployment and environmental pollution from agricultural waste.
Implementation: In 2005, El Nafeza (Window) center, an Egyptian non-profit foundation, came up with Community Eco-paper, reviving the traditional of making paper using plants refuses, sun and natural colors.
The process of making papers through the agriculture wastes in El Nafeza:
Finally, the paper left on the wall till it dry, the paper can be left white or colored.
El-Nafeza innovative approach engage people in the development of their communities, introducing creative ways of dealing with the environment and unemployment. This happened through empowering marginalized groups (especially women and disabled young people) through creating untraditional job opportunities in the field of arty handmade paper. Also, through raising the level of environmental awareness about the efficient use of the recycled agricultural refuse through conducting workshops in the communities suffering from agricultural waste issues (such as farmers who burn the rice straw). El Nafeza is considered as the first center in Egypt and the Middle East in training paper makers as a professional job.
Mailing Address: South-South Development Academy: 6th Ibn Maysser st., off Mahmoud Azmy st., Zamalek
Tel: (02) 2737 5086/7/8/9
Fax: (02) 27375084
In Egypt, health services are delivered by a multitude of public service providers (the ministry of Health (MOH), ministries of Higher Education, Defense, the Interior, etc.), the Health Insurance Organization (HIO), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and an expanding network of private practitioners and medical facilities. Even though presence of multiple providers could imply competitive services, in reality, there is very limited or no performance assessment mechanisms or quality assurance. All proposed or attempted solutions for healthcare quality monitor were highly dependent on governments and authorities.
Solution: Eghospitals.com is a website that serves as a community monitor of health service provision in Egypt.
Goals and objectives: The aim of this project is to promote social accountability, informed decision-making and active citizenship, since all assessments are carried out by trained community members. To create sustainability community- based interventions for healthcare Shamseya for innovative community healthcare solutions, an Egyptian company established in 2012, developed Eghospitals.com.
Implementation: Included the following steps:
Through this portal detailed information on service quality in Egyptian hospitals and other health facilities becomes accessible to the public. For each published score, three appraisals are carried out in parallel (by independent) community assessors. Also, website viewers are allowed to enter their personal feedback on the website or request that a specific hospital be assessed, both of which reduces the possibility of bias and encourages citizens to participate in promoting social accountability in the Egyptian context. The criteria, according to which assessments take place, were generated following extensive field research involving medical staff and patients, to ensure that important determinants of health service quality are covered. Finally, a document including the results is validated and approved by all local networks.
Partners: Ashoka Arab World, the world Health Organization (WHO), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Oxfam International – Participatory Eco-Camp on Achieving Universal Health Coverage Locally.
South-South Development Academy: 6th Ibn Maysser st., off Mahmoud Azmy st., Zamalek
Tel: (02) 2737 5086/7/8/9
Fax: (02) 27375084
Solution: Solid Waste Management Improvement Project is a framework to improve the National System of Solid Waste Management in Azerbaijan by way of 5 steps:
Goals and objectives: The Government of Azerbaijan has included waste management as one of the key priorities of the National Sustainable Development Strategy where it has been able to achieve considerable progress in Solid Waste Management, but it appeared that the collection of municipal waste was incomplete. The overall project objective is to improve solid waste management by exploring multi-sector partnership approaches.
Implementation: The solution was initiated in 2009 by the Government of Republic of Azerbaijan in consultations with the United Nations Development Programme. The framework included the following steps:
Replication: After conducting studies in the districts of Baiku, Ismayili and Shekhi, laboratory analyses were conducted in fifty districts across the country. (Not much information on replication)
Partners: Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, Government of Norway
Budget: Approximately USD 900,000 (2009 Figure)
Mr. Chingiz Mammadov, Senior Programme Advisor
Solution: Agriculture is the main source of food supplies in Armenia and forms about 17% of GDP, 52% of the countries population works in agriculture. 8 out of 10 regions in Armenia are prone to hails (medium to intensive). Every hail destroys around 4-5% of the crops and agricultural products, which, annually is estimated to be around 8 million USD in losses. A hail storm in Ararat valley in May 2013 destroyed 3000ha of vineyards and 2000ha of apricot yield in 46 communities with estimated total loss almost 60 million USD.
Goals and Objectives: The project initiated the installation of anti-hail nets as a pilot measure and new culture to protect vine yards.
Implementation: In 2012, in the framework of UNDP DRR Project and in cooperation with Ministry of Emergency Situations, World Vision Armenia and Regional Capacity Building for Climate Risk Management in Europe and CIS project of UNDP Bratislava Regional Centre, a small scale adaptation project was implemented in Tavush community.
Owing to the joint efforts anti hail nets were installed in 4,500 m2 in one of the communities’ private vine yards by serving as protection measure against the hail storms. If for the last 4 years this vineyard was destroyed by hailstorm and only 400 kg of grape was gathered and loses were about 4,800 USD, after installation of hail nets 15.000 kg of grape was harvested from the same territory in 2013.
The ACBA Bank has undertaken the following activities:
The UNDP Armenia provided the following contributions:
Achievements: Investments into anti-hail net systems and their development gave the farmers the opportunity to avoid hail risks and guaranteed high-quality harvest.
Replication: The solution can be of interest for replication in countries prone to hails to reduce vulnerability of agricultural systems to climate change.
Partners: ACBA (Credit Agricole Bank), World Vision, CARD, OXFAM
Budget: based purely on grant allocations (40,000USD)
Contact person: Armen Chillingaryan, DRR Programme Coordinator
Phone number:+374 60 530000