Goals and objectives: Although the obligation to submit assets and interests disclosures has existed since 1996, only with the establishment of the National Integrity Agency`s (ANI*) legal and institutional framework, in 2007, the anti-corruption area took a new course, which soon led to a paradigm shift and a comprehensive concept of integrity in Romania.
In Romania there are approximately 300,000 persons obliged to submit assets and interests disclosures. ANI ensures the procedures of collecting, collating, processing, assessing and publishing the disclosures on the portal of assets and interests disclosures.
Implementation: Launched in 2010, the Public Portal of assets and interests disclosures is one of the most important tool of ANI. All of the submitted assets and interests disclosures, from 2008 to present, are found on the Portal.
One of the most important advantages of the Portal is that every private or legal person, including NGOs and journalists, is able to verify the patrimonial goods and the interests of the persons which has the obligation to submit assets and interests disclosures, including candidates at elections.
For the local elections and the parliamentary elections from 2012, as well as for the 2016 local elections, ANI made available on its web page separate sections of the Portal with the disclosures submitted within the electoral processes.
For the local elections in June 2016, ANI's website created a section, 'local elections 2016,' which collated all relevant information on the obligations the candidates have in local elections / legal references/assets and interests disclosures / guides etc. The section has been available since mid April, and after the first three weeks, around 520,000 disclosures of the candidates to the local elections have been processed and published.
Replication: The Public Portal of assets and interests disclosures is an important tool for transparency, which can be of use in any other country interested in developing their anti-corruption and integrity system.
Budget: The implementation of the Portal was part of a larger project regarding the development of an informatic system of integrated management of the asset and interest disclosure, a tool used by the integrity inspectors. The total amount of the project was around €4 million and it was financed from ANI’s budget.
Contact person: Silviu Popa, Secretary General of the National Integrity Agency
Goals and objectives: Conservation agriculture (CA) is a concept for resource-saving agricultural production that strives to achieve acceptable profits and high, sustained production levels while conserving the environment.
Implementation: It is based on enhancing natural biological processes above and in the ground. Interventions such as mechanical soil tillage are reduced to an absolute minimum, and external inputs such as agrochemicals and nutrients of mineral or organic origin are applied optimally to not disrupt the biological processes in agroecosystems.
Sustainable agricultural practices have been tested on land in the Republic of Moldova and proven to be a solution that reduces hazards on agriculture and are feasible in various climate, relief and soil conditions. In particular, conservation of soil tillage is a relatively newsystem that provides a solution to farmers to preserve soil moisture, reduce soil loss from water and wind erosion, reduce production costs, provide food and cover for wildlife and soil organisms and finally yields are rather stable under the climate stress.
The IFAD support has led to adoption of conservation and organic agriculture by farmers in part or all of their production, obtaining significant improvements in soil protection/fertility, soil water conservation and higher yields. IFAD investments have supported the diversification of crops, reducing farmers’ dependence on monocultures that are more sensitive to climate change.
The solution has made a significant contribution to the following sectors:
Achievements: As a result of IFAD interventions and promotion during 2012-2013 and due to the results provided by this solution, 26 new farmers have converted their production systems to CA. In response to the demand, IFAD in partnership with GEF and DANIDA has designed a new programme to be implemented in 2014-2019 to deploy CA solutions at a much large scale.
Replication: The Moldovan experience can be a case for sharing as an alternative system in agricultural countries for climate change adaptation.
Partners: IFAD, Government of Moldova, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry of Moldova, GEF and DANIDA.
Victor Rosca, Director
162 Stefan cel Mare street, Chisinau, Moldova
Tel. (+373 22) 21 05 42
Fax. (+373 22) 87 16 59
Solution: With support of the UN Women Programme on Economic Empowerment, funded by the Government of Sweden, an innovative model for coordinated and gender-sensitive service provision was introduced In Moldova on the local level, based on “one-stop-shop” or “one window” approach.
Goals and objectives: To improve access to quality information and services by rural women and vulnerable groups by bringing different service providers from public, private and civil society sectors to one place in one time, the Joint Information and Services Bureaus (JISB), under the leadership of the local administration, were established in six districts of Moldova.
Implementation: JISB have been operating since 2010, providing information and services in agriculture and rural extension, cadaster, employment, business development and social protection. JISB sittings take place once a week, providing opportunity for the local population to benefit from its services. Establishment of JISB was unique and cost-effective for Moldova’s local public administration, as it did not entail the creation of a new structure or recruitment of additional staff.
JISB are located in the building of the District Council and/or District Administration premises at an easily accessible and visible place. Besides weekly meetings, JISB regularly carry out mobile visits to villages with mayors and district administrations to ensure provision of services for all and particularly for women in rural communities. Mobile teams proved to be beneficial for women and rural populations of different disadvantaged groups unable to travel to the raion centre.
Achievements: By 30 September 2013, JISB provided support and advice to more than 13,000 people, during more than 500 sittings at the district level and mobile teams visits, out of which 60 percent were women and 84 percent from the rural area. According to the analysis and conclusions made by district administration and JISB service providers, JISB created and offered several opportunities in rural areas.
JISB were also identified as efficient means for dissemination of e-services at the local level. It is noteworthy that the E-Government Center plans to support JISB in digitizing of public services.
Replication: The experiences and concept of JISB was kindly shared with the colleagues from the Government of Tajikistan when the official Delegation from that country visited Moldova for familiarization. The Delegation noted that JISBs represent an important platform for transparent and accessible provision of services to people and the “Satisfaction of beneficiaries is the most important feedback of the JISB activity at local level”. The acquired knowledge in Moldova will be used to initiate introduction of “one window” approach for service provision in Ghonchi pilot district in Tajikistan focused mainly on social services.
Partners: UN Women, Government of Sweden
Budget: Maintenance and functioning of JISB is fully covered by local sources, including district council. At the initial implementation stage, the UN Women WEE Programme supported districts with initial basic installation works that cost about $2,500 per district.
Republic of Moldova
Person: Tatiana Sincovschi
Phone number: +373 22 28 07 75
Goals and objectives: Gap Youth Index represents the ratio between the rate of youth and adult calculated for the different areas (unemployment, participation, health, risky behavior and violence) to identify and assess gaps and disparities at the policy level. By having displayed a coherent picture of youth vulnerabilities, the Youth Index may serve as a tool to develop a strategic plan that defines the midterm youth priorities.
Implementation: The solution was launched by the National Youth Council of Moldova with support of UNFPA and has been implemented in Moldova since August 2015. The resource group representing experts and practitioners from youth relevant sectors developed a report that
Achievements: The Youth Index has identified priority areas and raised awareness of central public authorities about youth needs. The Ministry of Youth and Sport has adopted a new approach for evaluation methodology of National Strategy of Development of Youth Sector.
The data collection system of National Statistical Bureau was adapted for youth age limit and offers a possibility to see disaggregated indicators. Given the content and purpose of the Youth Index, it can be used by various stakeholders:
Replication: The solution was replicated in Georgia and Ukraine.
Partners: Ministry of Youth and Sport, UNFPA Moldova, National Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Economy.
Republic of Moldova
National Youth Council of Moldova, Secretary General
Phone number: (+373 22) 235 175 / (+373 69) 531 061
Website: www.cntm.md / www.youthforum.org
Solution: The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia as a country with EU candidate status is using EU pre-accession funds. The Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance for Rural Development (IPARD) is one of them. The funds are aimed at precisely defined measures in the IPARD programme, including investment in agricultural holdings to restructure and to upgrade to community standards; investments in the processing and marketing of agriculture products to restructure those activities and to upgrade them to community standards; and diversification and development of activities.
Goals and objectives: The Center for Promotion of Sustainable Agricultural Practices and Rural Development - CeProSARD has prepared an IPARD online information toolkit with information for all potential applicants interested in using these funds.
Implementation: The toolkit includes all relevant information necessary for the application process, including:
Achievements: IPARD toolkit is developed free of charge and easy to access. Right now, it has 70 registered local enterprises (consultant and suppliers/producers of equipment). It is regularly visited by farmers with a basic knowledge of IT and computer skills, by National Extension Agency Advisors and by private consultants helping farmers on issues related to IPARD.
Replication: The solution can be replication in the countries in pre-accession to EU.
Budget: The development of the tool was primarily supported from the Sida/MASSP2 programme with a €12,500 grant completed in December 2010. CeProSARD has since continued to update IPARD by providing human and financial resources for maintenance of the software.
Partner: Center for promotion of sustainable agricultural practices and rural development –CeProSARD
Svetlana Petrovska, CeProSARD Manager
Tel: (+38) 923061391
Goals and objectives: The solution offers access to finance for small and medium enterprises. About 40-50 percent of potential borrowers who approached banks did not obtain the required amount of loan for the development of their businesses due to insufficient collateral. Inadequate supply of credit resources of the banking system for a high demand did not allow cutting interest rates on loans.
Implementation: In 2010, the USAID Local Development Program addressed and resolved this issue by introducing a new financial structured Guarantee Fund, which provides a guarantee to an entrepreneur to obtain the required loan amount in case of insufficient collateral. The Guarantee Funds are designed to facilitate lending to small and medium enterprises and the core organizations supporting entrepreneurial activities. The main objective of the Guarantee Fund is to provide businesspeople guarantees to banks for loans and leasing contracts under insufficient collateral.
In 2013, the Law on the Guarantee Funds in the Kyrgyz Republic was adopted, governing activities of guarantee funds. Under the law, the Guarantee Fund (GF) may be established as a joint stock company, a limited liability company, a public fund or an institute, and depending on the founding members it can function throughout the republic or region. In Kyrgyzstan, GFs are regional (municipal), as the founders of the GFs are local governments and they operate in the region where they are established. GFs operate in five regions (Kara Balta, Karakol, Osh, Jalal-Abad cities and Sary Aiyl Okmot of Osh region) and on 23 March 2015, one more fund was registered in Kant city. The GF "Karakol" operates throughout the Issyk-Kul region, while all others do so within their municipality.
Association of Guarantee Funds of the Kyrgyz Republic coordinates the activities of all the GFs and all are members. The Association of Guarantee Funds of the Kyrgyz Republic has been a member of the European Association of Mutual Guarantee Societies (AECM) since October 2014.
Achievements: as of 30 June 2015 the solution has achieved the following:
Replication: Tajikistan paid a study visit to Kyrgyzstan to learn from the experience of the Kyrgyz colleagues.
Budget: Required minimum capital for the operation of the guarantee fund (in various countries, the capital requirements may be different). In Kyrgyzstan the capital requirements for the guarantee fund is KGS 6 million, or $100,000.
Partners: USAID, municipalities of Kara-Balta, Jalal-Abad, Osh, Karakol, Kant, Saray and others.
Association of Guarantee Funds of the Kyrgyz Republic
Malik Abakirov, Chairman
Address: 209/1, Moskovskaya str., Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
Phone number: +996-557-574454
Solution: Following the approval of the new law of the Kyrgyz Republic on Pastures in 2009, which opened opportunities for more decentralized management of pastures through introduction of pasture committees at the local level, a new and innovative solution for addressing pasture degradation issues was introduced and tested in frames of the UNDP-implemented, Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded project on “Demonstrating Sustainable Pasture Management in the Suusamyr valley” -- information system “Electronic Pasture Committee.”
Goals and objectives: The system helps to make decisions on pasture management in real-time by tracking pasture areas, amount of pasture users and livestock, livestock vaccination, payment for livestock grazing and maintaining the database of pasture tickets. In addition, the system allows accessing to data on borders, geo-botanical conditions, economic value and livestock grazing capacity of pastures and regularly monitoring of the degradation of pastures and timely action for sustainable pasture management.
Implementation: The project was implemented in 2008-2013 and having tested and proved the solution’s efficiency, is now being replicated by the UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative in other districts.
To introduce the Electronic Pasture Committee in five rural areas of At-Bashy district of Naryn oblast and two rural areas of Batken and Osh oblasts, a group of pasture experts conducted an inventory, economic and geo-botanical assessment of the pasture territories of the target local self-government units and developed cattle grazing plans.
The system had been introduced in 11 districts of Chuy, Talas and Jalal-Abad oblasts within the UNDP/GEF project in the Suusamyr valley. As a response to the interest coming from other districts of the country, UNDP-UNEP PEI project supported the replication of the system in seven rural self governments of Naryn, Batken and Osh oblasts.
In 2014, after successful approval of the solution the rights to the Electronic Pasture Committee were transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture and Melioration of the Kyrgyz Republic. The Government is committed to integrating the information system into national pasture management plans by 2017.
Replication: The experience can be used in other developing countries with the similar conditions and so far two neighboring countries like Kazakhstan and Tajikistan have already expressed their interest in it.
Budget: The first project expenditure is approximately $75,000 (including the e-software development, experts’ fee and upgrading the software).
Partners: GEF, local governments
Address: 160 Chuy Ave., Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Mr. Daniar Ibragimov
Team Leader, Environment and DRM/PEI focal point
Environment/Energy and Disaster Risk Management Programme
UNDP in the Kyrgyz Republic
Phone number: +996-312-611211 ext. 122 (w.) +996-772 550-450
Solution: High Technologies Park (HTP) of Kyrgyz provides low-tax regime and regulatory advantages for companies and specialists in the sphere of ICT and elaboration of software. The tax benefits offered are: 5 percent income tax, 10 percent social contributions and 2 percent pension funds with average monthly salary in country, 1 percent deductions from company turnover to the directorate of HTP.
Implementation: HTP development was initiated by Kyrgyz Software and Services Developers Association (KSSDA) in cooperation with the Ministry of Transportation and Communication and had been realized since 2008.
Residents - A resident of the HTP is any individual or organization registered as an HTP resident in the manner prescribed by the HTP Act. An individual or organization can become an HTP resident if at least 90 percent of their income comes from the activities listed below.
Activities of HTP residents:
Foreign individuals and organizations can also become HTP residents. Any individual or organization wishing to join ITP should submit an application in a form approved by the Supervisory Board.
One year after final registration, no less than 80 percent of goods and services produced by the resident should go for export and/or no less than 80 percent of resident’s revenues should be from the exports of goods and services.
Achievements: There are eight company residents and for 2014 total income was $1,407,366. 80 percent of customers are from abroad: Kazakhstan, Russian Federation, Ukraine and elsewhere.
Replication: the solution can be replicated in countries where is demand to governmen’s stimulation for development of the ICT sector.
Solution: Organic aimak is an integrated model of sustainable development of rural and mountainous communities, based on a synthesis of traditional culture and modern organic technologies.
Goals and objectives: This model has been developing since 2012 under the common agreement that farmers work together using traditional technologies and waiving chemicals for production of agricultural goods, such as potatoes, beans, nuts, apricots, berries, honey etc., that are in high demand in the market and profitable. An important feature is preservation of fragile mountain ecotypes and bio-cultural diversity.
Implementation: The solution is based on consolidation of efforts of local farmers for sustainable development of agricultural production. In Kopuro Bazar village, Talass region, 20 farmers pooled their land and allocated some of it for public use.
This uses social resources based on the traditional mentality of indigenous inhabitants, as well as traditional instruments of social control and motivation:
Achievements: This model brought changes to depressed villages where farmers used to not receive money for their products and lived a natural exchange life for many years by earning relatively large, by local standards, amount of cash. At the Organic Products Fair in 2014, only one village - Kopuro Bazar - sold agricultural products at 30,000 Kyrgyz Soms (about $5,000) in two days.
As products labeled organic must be certified, the federation “Bio-KG” has now been introducing private organic standards and the Ministry of Agricultures presented the National Plan on Organic Agriculture Development for the Government’s endorsement.
Replication: The solution can be replicated in countries where there are many small-scale farms with "patchwork" landholdings, especially in depressed areas and in fragile or degraded ecosystems like mountains, deserts, tundra zones. Sustainable profitable farming with minimal cost can be reproduced in poor countries through community mobilization and application of traditional techniques for financial and material support.
Budget: The first year of the program implementation international organizations (such as ICCO, The Christensen Fund, and others) allocated $60,000 for 4 aymaks, composed of 9 villages.
Partners: Local farmers of 23 villages – implementation of organic farming technologies; Ministry of Agriculture of Kyrgyz Republic – rules and regulations development; National Agricultural University – knowledge sharing; international organizations, such as ICCO, The Christensen Fund, Helvetas, and GIZ – technical and financial support.
Federation of Organic Development “Bio-KG» (FOD «Bio-KG»)
Director Mr. Aidaraliev Iskenderbek
Phone number; +996 553 332167
Solution: In Kyrgyzstan, 30.6 percent of the population lives below the poverty line (World Bank, 2014) and needs various help, starting with food, clothes and housing up to expensive surgeries.
Goals and objectives: The problem is not enough connection and trust between people in need and those who are able and willing to help them. To contribute to solving the problem, the Charity Public Foundation “Elim Barsynby?” launched an initiative called “A Good Penny.”
Implementation: Traditionally, most Kyrgyz families have money boxes to collect odd money (called pennies for the purpose of initiative) time from time and to spend later for small household expenses. The initiative mobilizes people to bring their money boxes to be organized events and give pennies to the poor.
To mobilize people and resources, the foundation implements the following steps:
Achievements: As a result of four charity events organized in Bishkek, the capital, and Talas region, the initiative has collected $16,876, which was distributed to people who need surgeries to be done in Kyrgyzstan.
The initiative has had an essential social impact:
Replication: The solution can be replicated in countries to help people in need through social mobilization. Budget: $6,000 for all expenses.
Partners: Ministry of Labour and Social Development of the Kyrgyz Republic, administrations of shopping centers "Bishkek Park" and “Vefa Center,” popular singers.
Charity Public Foundation “Elim Barsynby?”
Federov street 28, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Contact person: Khabibulla Arzykulov, Director
Тел.: +996 312 89 86 22
UN, donors, government counterparts’ discussion in 2013 on phasing out of the Humanitarian-Architecture, leads to discussion on resilience building as a plausible way forward in Zimbabwe. To this end, UNDP with the support of government ministries, UNRCO, and WFP generated a series of evidence pieces to inform the development of the Zimbabwe Resilience Strategic Framework and the set-up of the Zimbabwe Resilience Building Fund to cover programming gaps. Beyond management of the platform, UNDP remains involved in evidence-building and the application of this evidence in policy making for resilience in Zimbabwe. RC is an integral part of the ZRBF Steering Committee.
The fund has recently been launched and the 3-year community projects have only recently started. However, through the particular set-up, the ZRBF constitutes a broad Platform for building resilience in Zimbabwe (noting that the new GCF proposal will also build on this foundation). Importantly, all three engagement areas of ZRBF (1. Evidence; 2. Increased absorptive, adaptive and transformative capacities of at-risk communities; 3. A flexible Crisis modifier built-in have gained substantial trust and go beyond being experimentation spaces for the government and the beneficiaries – they are now becoming drivers of change for UNDP core programming Additionally, ZRBF positions UNDP within the Zimbabwean context to coordinate or jointly coordinate thinking around: SDGs 1,2,5,6 and 13.
Over the last decades, Zimbabwe has experienced a number of unprecedented economic, climatic and social shocks and stresses, many of which will have long-lasting impacts. Poverty, food insecurity, malnutrition, and environmental degradation are serious challenges in Zimbabwe, particularly in rural areas. Due to effects of climate change or extreme weather conditions and poor economic development Zimbabwe has for the last fifteen years, experienced a social and economic crisis that entrenched high levels of poverty. The national poverty rate stands at 62.6% while the rural poverty rate is at 76%, with 30.4% of the rural population living in extreme poverty and 33% of under-5 children stunted (chronically malnourished) . Frequent droughts have resulted in poor cropping and consumption seasons over the last 15 years with an estimated 4.2 million people in need of food assistance between January and March 2017. Total cereal production in 2016 was estimated at 512,000 metric tonnes: 27% lower than in 2015, and about 50% lower than the 2011–2015 average. With this background and increased frequency of hazards, the resilience approach is the most likely successful pathway to development for most affected communities.
The Zimbabwe Resilience Building Fund (ZRBF) is a long-term development initiative with an overall objective of contributing to increased capacity of communities to protect development gains in the face of recurrent shocks and stresses enabling them to contribute to the development of Zimbabwe. Importantly, the facility is distinct from traditional development projects as it has no fixed log frame but rather works on the basis of calls for proposals defined by the actualized needs on the ground. ZRBF has developed a governance mechanism and vetting process to ensure that funding is allocated to the highest quality of proposals that deliver value for money to eligible partners (UN agencies, INGOs, CBOs, Academia, local government and private sector) to respond to the growing demand for greater collaboration amongst a wide range of actors and support achievement of the results of the engagement areas. The fund also consists of a crisis-modifier which provides appropriate, predictable, coordinated and timely response to risk and shocks to benefitting communities thereby ‘protecting’ the resilience investments made. The ZRBF adds value to fine-tune the design and increase the effectiveness of delivery for integrated solutions to complex development settings that require multi actors’ partnerships and multi-sectoral action across economic, social and environmental issues.
Partners: The ZRBF is funded through the EU (US$ 28 million), DfID (US$ 34 million), SIDA US$ 12 million) and with some seed-funding from UNDP (US$ 2 million). To date, ZRBF has made a total allocation of US$ 37 million to 7 Consortia with a total of 29 partners (UN agency, NGOs, CBOs, FBOs, Academia, Private Sector and Local government targeting) a total of 800,000 beneficiaries in 18 prioritized vulnerable rural districts.
Government Partners of Zimbabwe Resilience Building Fund:
Ministry of Land, Agricultural and Rural Resettlement and Fund is managed by United Nations Development Programme, with some coordination with the Southern African Development Community (SADC).
United Nations Development Programme in Zimbabwe
OIC The Zimbabwe Resilience Building Fund
Rwanda’s economy and its people's livelihood are highly dependent on natural resources that are under increasing pressure from unsustainable use, soil erosion, deforestation and the impact of increasing climate variability and climate change, especially in rural areas.
In partnership with the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), and a range of other ministries including Local Government, Infrastructure and Agriculture and under the leadership of the local women’s-led cooperative, the UNEP-UNDP Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) from 2010 to 2018, supported the adoption of a range of economic and environmentally sustainable approaches and technologies making Rubaya the country’s first ‘Green Village’.
Scaled up under the “Integrated Development Programme (IDP) Model Villages”, today, more than 44 village models allow to halt environmental degradation, provide green energy, livelihoods and improved infrastructure for the local inhabitants.
Rwanda’s economy and its people's livelihood are highly dependent on natural resources that are under increasing pressure from unsustainable use, soil erosion, deforestation and the impact of increasing climate variability and climate change. As such, unsustainable use of the environment and natural resources hinders the achievement of national development objectives.
Because of the natural topography in Rwanda, the “Land of 1000 Hills”, the rural population is vulnerable to natural risks and disasters, especially flooding and landslides, which are exacerbated by increasingly extreme weather events caused by climate change.
In many rural areas, over-cultivation of land, inadequate soil conservation and deforestation from firewood collection causes fertile soil to be washed away during heavy rains resulting in lower agricultural productivity and food security. Women and children often have to walk long distances to carry firewood or collect water, leaving little time for other activities and formal education.
Since 2010, Rubaya, a rural village nestled among the hills of Gicumbi District, located in North Rwanda and one of the poorest districts in the country, has been quietly leading a sustainable development revolution. In partnership with the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), and a range of other ministries including Local Government, Infrastructure and Agriculture and under the leadership of the local women’s led cooperative, the UNEP-UNDP Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) supported the adoption of a range of economic and environmentally sustainable approaches and technologies making Rubaya the country’s first ‘Green Village’.
Terracing and tree planting has reduced soil erosion and deforestation which improved agricultural productivity, and reduced flooding, siltation and water pollution from fertilizer run-off. The new biogas plants have provided Rubaya with a clean source of energy, reducing smoke-related health problems from open fires and dependency on firewood, thereby reducing rates of deforestation. Rainwater harvested and stored in reservoirs and underground tanks is used for crop irrigation and household consumption. With these resources now available close at hand, women and children have more time to engage in other productive activities. The project has also increased crop productivity, allowed to build better houses, a school and a health centre.
A cost-benefit analysis of the project (2017) has proven that the green village project is very cost-effective. The village cost about US$636,000 to construct and costs about US$22,000 per year to run. Using conservative figures, the project demonstrates an internal rate of return of 5.8 percent, 7.7 percent and 8.9 percent over 15, 20 and 30 years, respectively. The study also estimated that investing in an additional 30 villages of 100 households each (1 green village per district) would generate net benefits of about US$21million at a 6 percent discount rate over 30 years, generate further indirect economic benefits equivalent to 0.8 percent of GDP and lead to a 0.71 percent decrease in the extreme poverty rate of 16.3 percent (now at 39%), as villagers have been selected from the poorest strata in the country.
Based on these results and experiences of all stakeholders involved, the Government of Rwanda decided to scale-up the initiative under the “Integrated Development Programme (IDP) Model Villages” under auspices of the Ministry of Local Government and the Rwanda Housing Authority. So far 44 IDP Model Villages have been established, with Government investing USD25million in the Financial Year 2016/17. And in the newly drafted National Strategy for Transformation (NST) for the period 2018-2024, the government targets 4 IDP Model Villages per District, which will be reflected in District Development Strategies and yearly performance contracts (“imihigo”) of government officials. To support this process, REMA with UNDP-UNEP PEI support has developed “Green Village Toolkits” and provides training to national and district technical staff, and village inhabitants.
The green village model has also raised attention among other countries in the region who learned about the green village practice through study exchanges, e.g. through regional PEI events, or study tours from Burkina Faso, Tanzania and other countries.
Rwanda’s Environment Management Authority (REMA), supported by the UNDP-UNEP Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI)
For more information:
Other useful links:
International Technical Specialist
UNDP-UNEP Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI)